Most people will have seen advertisements about spitting blood when brushing, and are aware this can be a common symptom of gum disease. But are you aware of just how important dealing with this problem is?

Gum disease begins at a stage called Gingivitis which occurs when plaque is not removed from around the teeth or when food that gets stuck in between teeth is not removed by flossing or using interdental brushes. This causes the gums to become red or inflamed resulting in bleeding when brushing. This stage of gum disease is reversible and can be taken care of by a visit to your dentist or dental hygienist who can advise on correct brushing, flossing and special mouth washes. Should the gingivitis not be looked into then this can develop into Periodontitis.

Periodontitis is where the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. Toxins or poisons produced by the bacteria in plaque start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place.   So teeth are no longer anchored in place, they become loose, and tooth loss occurs. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults and is also linked with actually causing respiratory and heart disease

There are other factors that can contribute to gum disease:-

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal Changes such as pregnancy
  • Illness – such as diabetes
  • Medications

Dentists and hygienists can advise you on maintaining good oral health should you be affected by one of these.



So how can we stay orally healthy and keep gum disease at bay?

  • Regular visits to your dentist or oral hygienist. They can not only check and clean your teeth and gums, rectifying any potential problems but they can also give advice on any concerns you may have.
  • Brush your teeth and tongue twice a day using a soft brush.
  • Floss or use interdental brushes to remove any food stuck in between your teeth.
  • Use an antiseptic mouthwash.
  • Avoid tobacco products.
  • Eat a healthy diet. Healthy food provides all the essential nutrients and helps to fight and protect the teeth and gums from bacteria. Therefore, it is good to maintain a healthy diet.

If you find you are experiencing symptoms, don’t ignore them, make an appointment today and we will be happy to put your oral health back on the right track.

Posted by Geraint Buse on 15th March 2015, under Gum Disease

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